What Causes Pigmentation?
When exposed to the sun, the skin is stimulated to produce melanin which helps to protect itself against the sun damaging UV rays. Pigmentation occurs when the skin produces too much melanin which is concentrated in certain area and can form dark visible patches. Pigmentation can be triggered by UV rays, hormones, trauma to the skin and sometimes unknown sources. Pigmentation can be classified as epidermal, dermal or a combination of both.
Types of Pigmentation
Epidermal pigmentations are usually composed of lentigo (simplex, solar), age spot/seborrheic keratosis, freckles, café au lait, nevus spilus or beckers nevus. Some are genetic in nature while others are brought on by the aging process or sun exposure.
Dermal pigmentation includes tattoo ink, nevus of Ota or Ito and ABNOM or Acquired Bilateral Nevus of Ota like Molecule.
Dermal Epidermal Mixed Lesion consist of Melasma or Post Inflammation Hyperpigmentation (PIH). These are very distressing to patients as the brown patches are large and can cover a prominent area of the face such as cheekbone and eye areas. Melasma are usually brought on by hormonal changes or sun exposure while PIH is brought on by trauma to the skin from strong lasers or peels whereby the skin responds by increasing melanin production in large patchy areas. Melasma is very sensitive to external factors such as UV rays or laser light therefore protection is mandatory while laser or peel treatments must not trigger more damage to the skin.
How does Pastelle laser treat pigmentation?
Pastelle laser treat the epidermal pigmentation by targeting the brown spots so it will get burn off and heal over time. It is similar to “freezing” them with dry ice. The target will frost and dry to a crust which need to heal so the new skin will replace the damaged brown spots with clear unpigmented skin. The key is to “burn” it off without going too deep as it can result in loss of pigment or hypopigmentation.
Dermal pigmentation is deeper in the skin and require a longer laser wavelength to target and break up the pigment without damaging skin cell and skin surface which can lead to more hyperpigmentation. It is a specific way the laser is treating the pigmentation without causing adverse effects such as hyper or hypo pigmentation.
What is Soft Peel with Carbon?
Soft Peel is a technique in which fine carbon particles are applied onto the skin and exploded by laser heat energy which create peeling effects as well as pore reduction and skin tone improvement. It also delivers skin tightening effect due to laser application into the dermal layer. The dark shade of the carbon particles helps to absorb the laser beam before a vacuum lightly removes these particles via suction, simultaneously removing the damaged upper layers of skin in the process. It is used as part of the melasma/PIH treatment series to help facilitate the removal of pigmentation. The procedure is usually follow by a laser genesis treatment which helps to increase collagen production which lead to pore tightening.
Soft Peel can be performed on any skin to create a “Glow” to the skin as the explosion and removal of the carbon helps to create a smooth and glowing complexion that can be seen and felt.
Carbon Soft Peel, Hollywood Glow or China Doll Peel
Carbon help to facilitate glow by removing pigmentation and closing of pores
Genesis mode after Q Switched Mode helps to increase collagen, tighten pores and kill bacteria which is great for Acneic skin.